A few research programs I’m involved in are featured in an At Guelph article — find it here. The School Malaise Trap Project it discusses, which begins classroom visits Feb 26, has a newly minted website.
You can find the powerpoint file of my ‘Museum Harvesting’ presentation here.
BARCODE-FACILITATED INVENTORIES ELUCIDATE THE INFLUENCE OF A NATIVE PEST OUTBREAK ON THE MOTH DIVERSITY OF A PONDEROSA PINE FOREST SYSTEM
The recent outbreak of mountain pine beetle and related bark beetles (Dendroctonus spp.) in Western Canada is the most extensive and severe epidemic on record. The consequences of the death of most mature overstory pine trees have been well-studied for birds and other vertebrates intricately tied to the resource pulse, but very little has been done to determine what effect the severe change in habitat is having on comparatively neutral residents. To this end, we investigated the ecological consequences of the outbreak on resident biotic communities by measuring its effect on a species-rich component, the macro-moths (Lepidoptera). We employed DNA barcoding for rough sorting and species identification of nearly eleven thousand specimens to inventory eight ponderosa pine stands in British Columbia that differed widely in attack by Dendroctonus bark beetles. We determined that rarified species richness for the heavily impacted sites was significantly lower than that of the less impacted sites. Moreover, the linear regression analysis of site attributes and diversity estimates revealed that approximately 85% of the variance in species diversity is explained by ponderosa pine mortality. Macro-moths have a proven record as indicators of habitat integrity and their perceived depression in species richness may therefore be representative of the larger biotic system. The ecological consequences of increased pest outbreaks cannot be ignored when other natural and human-induced agents of disturbance are likewise increasing.
I was recently notified of this: our article ‘DNA barcodes for 1/1000 of the Animal Kingdom‘ is one of the top ten most cited Biology Letters articles for 2010. Here’s one good paper that cited it, a recent PLoS ONE paper by Axel Hausmann and colleagues.
Another chapter from my thesis came out in PLoS ONE recently. It’s a brief study that compiles and assesses a nearly complete barcode library for the geometrids of BC (for a great overview of this family in BC, see p75 of Scudder and Cannings 2007). If you’re curious, the only species on our checklist that we didn’t successfully barcode was Hydrelia brunneifasciata (Packard)). Grab the open-access article here or from my ‘publications’ page, and the reference is as follows:
deWaard, J.R., Hebert, P.D.N., and Humble, L.M. (2011). A comprehensive DNA barcode library for the looper moths (Lepidoptera: Geometridae) of British Columbia, Canada. PLoS ONE 6: e18290.
I successfully defended my dissertation on Dec 16, 2010 and have since submitted the revised thesis. Check out my exam presentation, programme, or the final thesis, should you be inclined. An even bigger milestone was reached more recently — Stephanie and I got married on Dec 29 in Oshawa! You can check out some pictures here.
A paper that 10 colleagues and I wrote is now online at PLoS ONE. It develops and tests a partial global barcode library for surveillance of tussock moths of the genus Lymantria. You can find it here and the citation follows:
deWaard, J.R., Mitchell, A., Keena, M.A., Gopurenko, D., Boykin, L.M., Armstrong, K.F., Pogue, M.G., Lima, J., Floyd, R., Hanner, R.H. and Humble, L.M. 2010. Towards a global barcode library for Lymantria (Lepidoptera: Lymantriinae) tussock moths of biosecurity concern. PLoS ONE 5: e14280. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0014280
Update: this is now part of a collection on the PLOS One site titled “Proceedings of the Third International Barcode of Life Conference, Mexico City“.
Our manuscript describing the detection of the juniper pug moth (Eupithecia pusillata) in North America has been accepted for publication in the Journal of the Entomological Society of British Columbia. The abstract is here and the citation is:
deWaard, J.R., Humble, L.M., and Schmidt, B.C.S. 2010. DNA barcoding identifies the first North American records of the Eurasian moth, Eupithecia pusillata (Lepidoptera: Geometridae). Journal of the Entomological Society of BC. In press.